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Fleas are parasites that feed on the blood of any warm-blooded body. Cat fleas are the most common domestic flea, but dog fleas, human fleas and oriental rat fleas can also be found. Fleas do not fly. Instead, they use their powerful legs to jump onto a passing host.Flea bites can result in painful, itchy red bumps. Fleas are also the most common transmitter of the rare bubonic plague.

Fleas are the most prevalent parasite found on fur-bearing animals, such as dogs and cats. There are an estimated 2,000 species of fleas worldwide, and more than 300 types are found in the United States.


Fleas are small, wingless, flat insects with three pairs of legs. Adult fleas are about 1/8 of an inch long (1 to 3 mm). They are dark reddish-brown in color and have biting mouthparts. They can be very hard to spot because they move so fast along the animal’s body. Flea-combs and wetting an animal’s hair can help you grasp them for a visual inspection. 


Fleas feed on any warm-blooded body, including humans. However, they prefer to dine on hairy animals such as dogs, cats, rabbits, rats, mice, opossums, raccoons and skunks.


Once a flea hatches and becomes an adult, it uses its powerful legs to jump onto a host, where it likely remains at all times. While attached, the flea will feed, mate and lay eggs. The eggs often fall off of the host into the yard, bedding, carpeting or blankets.


Fleas not only cause discomfort from biting, but they are also vectors of the bubonic plague. While there are few cases reported today, this rare disease wiped out one-third of Europe in the 14th century. Additionally, they can spread the bacterial disease murine typhus, which is transmitted to humans through infected rats. In pets, fleas serve as an intermediate host for tapeworm. The saliva of these biting pests is known to cause serious flea allergy dermatitis in dogs and cats.


There are a few tips that people should follow to prevent fleas from becoming an itchy nuisance.

Around the House

Maintain a clean home. Practicing good sanitation is key to avoiding an infestation.
Vacuum carpets, floors and furniture frequently, and wash bed linens regularly, to remove any existing fleas and help prevent the laying of eggs.
Since fleas can transport themselves on rodents, it’s important to eliminate any rodent harboring points by keeping the lawn properly landscaped. This includes mowing the lawn on a regular basis, properly securing entry points and windows, and removing all moisture sites around the property.

Pet Care

Check pets’ coats thoroughly for fleas, especially after spending time outdoors. Be aware of excessive scratching and licking.
Bathe pets after walks or playtime with other animals.
Wash pet bedding, collars and plush toys frequently.
Speak to a veterinarian about flea prevention treatments.

Fleas have the ability to reproduce quickly, which makes flea infestations very difficult to control. In fact, fleas can produce as many as 400 to 500 offspring in their lifetime. A veterinarian can recommend the best methods and products for treating fleas on your pet.

It’s important to contact a licensed pest control professional if you discover fleas in your home! Contact Westfall’s Pest Control at (941) 761-0125 for a FREE pest inspection and a Bug Free Guarantee!

Flea Blog

How to Check for Fleas in Your Home

Fleas like all other pest are a nuisance, perhaps even worse is that they mainly effect our furry best friends, dogs and cats. But how will you know if your pets are being effected by fleas? Luckily investigating a flea problem isn’t too difficult, if you know what signs to look out for. If you see that your animal is consistency gnawing or scratching at their coat, that may be a good indication that they could be hosting fleas. When you see this happen, use a pet comb to comb through their coats to check for small black specks, if you see these black specks it may be fleas or flea feces.

If you do find fleas on your pets you will want to talk to your veterinarian about treatments to can apply to your pet to kill the fleas. Fleas may also end up in carpets and bedding, so if you find fleas on your pets it’s a good idea to wash your bedding and vacuum your carpets. Once you notice fleas you will want to tackle the problem as soon as possible. Fleas reproduce very quickly, and when there’s a substantial amount of fleas in your home, they will begin to attach to humans. Flea bites can be very uncomfortable to humans, and fleas could even hold diseases that can be transited to humans. Once of the worst pandemics in human history, the bubonic plague, was primarily transmitted by fleas.

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